Exploring Historic Sites in South America

Nick Roshdieh
2 min readMay 13, 2024


South America is a continent rich in history and culture, with numerous historical sites to explore. From ancient ruins to colonial-era buildings, South America has a plethora of sites that offer visitors a glimpse into the continent’s diverse past. In this blog, we will take a closer look at some of the most notable historical sites in South America.

Machu Picchu, Peru:
Machu Picchu is one of the most famous historical sites in South America and is considered one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. The site is located in the Andes Mountains and was built in the 15th century by the Incas. This ancient citadel is a testament to the ingenuity of the Inca civilization, with its impressive terraced agriculture, irrigation systems, and intricate stonework.

Tiwanaku, Bolivia:
Tiwanaku is an ancient archaeological site in Bolivia that dates back to around 400 AD. The site was once a thriving center of the Tiwanaku culture, which was a pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Andean region. Today, visitors to Tiwanaku can explore the remains of the impressive structures, including the Akapana Pyramid and the Kalasasaya Temple.

Cartagena, Colombia:
Cartagena is a city on the Caribbean coast of Colombia and is one of the most well-preserved examples of colonial-era architecture in South America. The city’s historic center, known as the walled city, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to numerous stunning buildings and plazas, including the Cathedral of Cartagena, the Palace of the Inquisition, and the Plaza de Bolivar.

Cusco, Peru:
Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire and is a city that is steeped in history and culture. The city is home to numerous historical sites, including the Qorikancha Temple, the Sacsayhuaman fortress, and the Cathedral of Cusco. Visitors to Cusco can also explore the city’s charming streets and alleys, which are lined with colonial-era buildings and traditional markets.

Easter Island, Chile:
Easter Island, also known as Rapa Nui, is an isolated island in the Pacific Ocean that is famous for its mysterious stone statues, known as moai. The island was settled by Polynesians around 700 AD, and visitors to the island can explore the remains of the ancient culture, including the numerous moai that are scattered throughout the island.

South America is a continent that is rich in history and culture, and there are numerous historical sites to explore. Whether you are interested in the ancient civilizations of the Inca or the colonial-era architecture of the Spanish, South America has something to offer everyone. So, if you are planning a trip to South America, be sure to add some of these historical sites to your itinerary for an unforgettable experience.



Nick Roshdieh

Nick Roshdieh sells high-end, luxury real estate. Nick helps buyers and sellers in Orange County, CA in his roll with Pacific Sotheby’s International Realty.